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LONG I SLAND 

FORUM 



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• 10 o 



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The New Verrazano-Narrows Bridge which extends From Fort Hamilton in Brooklyn to Fort Wadsworth 
in Staten Island. Scheduled for completion this year the magnificent 12 lane, double -deck suspension 
bridge is being constructed by the Tri-Borough Bridge Authority at a cost of $325,000,000. Long Islander 
Robert Moses is chairman of the Authority. The center span of the bridge will be the worlds largest - 
4,260 feet long Photo courtesy of the Authority. See page 145 for the story on Giovanni Verrazzano. 



TABLE of CONTENTS 

VERRAZZANO OF FLORENCE AND CHIANTI Henry C. Joralemon 

WHITEHEAD HICKS AND CORNELIUS VAN WYCK „ Richard K, MacMaster, S.J. 

PHOTOS — PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR Kate W. Strong 

THE LATTINGS OF LATTINGTOWN — PART II Peter Luyster Van Santvoord 

BEHIND THE LINES — PART II Chester G. Osborne 

WESTHAMPTON GREEN BENCHERS LJ. John Wallace 

Readers' Forum Writing About Writing 



JULY 1964 



$3.00 a year if paid in Advance; Single Copies 35<* VOL. XXVII No. 7 



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Lcng Island 
Forum 

Published Monthly at West- 
hampton Beach, N. Y. Entered 
as second-class matter September 
30, 1959 at tne Post Office at 
Westhampton Beach, New York, 
under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

Paul Bailey Founder, Publisher 
1938-59; Charles J. McDermott, 
Publisher; Chester G. Osborne, 
Associate Editor; William Burgess, 
Business Manager; Eugenie B. 
McDermott, Circulation Manager. 

Contributing Editors: Roy E. 
Lott, C. H. MacLachlan, Richard 
K. MacMaster, S. J., Jeannette 
Edwards Rattray, Julian Denton 
Smith, Douglas Tuomey, Peter 
Luyster Van Santvoord. 

Address all communications to 
Long Island Forum, Box 1267. 
Westhampton Beach, N. Y. 11978. 
One year subscription $3.00; two 
years $5,00. 

Phone: 516-288-3495 

Anne Hallock Currie-Bell 

Just prior to going to press we 
learned the sad news of the death 
of one of Long Island's finest his- 
torians and indefatigable worker 
for preservation of documents, 
buildings — all things needed to 
remind us of our heritage. 

A memorial will appear in the 
August issue. — The Editor. 



Memorial Wing 
of Quogue Library 

The newly-constructed Memor- 
ial Wing of the Quogue Library 
was formally opened on June 27th 
with ceremonies by the Mayor of 
the village, Mr. Harvey Cooley- 
The room was built by contribu- 
tions from interested friends of 
the library and dedicated for the 
use of the children and young 
people of Quogue and East Quo- 
gue. 

Many of the guests attending 
also enjoyed visiting Quogue's 
first schoolhouse, built in 1822 and 
located on the library grounds. 
This quaint old building, in its 
original state, is now a museum 
exhibiting early relics of the area. 

It is opened to the public July 
through Labor Day, Monday, 
Wednesday and Friday afternoons 
from 3:00 to 5:00. 



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142 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 




Did T. R. Paint Picture? 
Thanks for your kind words 
about the Nassau County Histori- 
cal Society article on the Fair 
Grounds. Yes, "I was there" — 
born about half a block from the 
Fair. 

This spring we visited a large 
house in Vicksburg, Miss, called 
Sanford Hall. We were shown a 
large oil painting of the singer, 
Adelina Patti, and told it was 
painted (they believe) by Teddy 
Roosevelt- I knew that T. R. made 
sketches and illustrated his let- 
ters to his children, but I said I 
doubted if T. R. ever did this kind 
of painting. I also told the lady, 
who was showing us around, I 
would write to the L. I. Forum 
and get their readers' opinion on 
T. R. 's painting. 

I have the lady's address and 
promised to give her the consen- 
sus of opinion of the readers, if 
obtained. 

This might be an interesting 
question for your readers. 

John Shiel 
Glen Head 
(Editor's Note. At this point we 
express no opinion, though we 
have one- How about this — any- 
one have any ideas?) 

Moses Not Matinecocks! 

Peter Van Santvoord's article 
on the Matinecock Indians allow- 
ed me to refute their claim to the 
World's Fair grounds. Our Chap- 
ter of the D.A.R. was named for 
these Indians and I was glad to 
quote from your article. 

Helen Van Nostrand 

Flushing 



David Parshall's Silver Snuffbox 
I FIRST learned of David Par- 
shall's silver snuffbox in the late 
summer of 1960 when I read in 
"The History of the Parshall 
Family" that it was owned (as of 
1903) by a member of the family 
in upstate New York. A short 
time later I visited that area and 
did some searching in wills and 
other records. I found that the 
snuffbox had changed hands four 
times since 1903 — from its owner 
of 1903 to his son, to his son's 




wife, to the son's wife's niece — 
and was thus owned by someone 
who was not a descendent of the 
original owner. I communicated 
with this person, and on Novem- 
ber 2, 1960 David Parshall's snuff- 
box came into my possession. 

According to "The History of 
the Parshall Family" the snuffbox 
belonged originally to David 
Parshall, the informant for this 
statement no doubt being the 
then - owner of the box, who was 
a great-grandson of David Par- 
shall. Besides this family tradi- 
tion, the initials of the first owner 
appear on the back of the box: 
D * P. (Since David Parshall's 
father was also named David, it 
is possible the box belonged first 
to the elder David Parshall.) 

The first of the family on Long 
Island was James Parshall, Gen- 
tleman, who married Elizabeth 
Gardiner, daughter of David 
Gardiner, the second Proprietor of 
Gardiner's Island. A deed of 1679 
suggests that James Parshall was 
living on Gardiner's Island at 
that time; he apparently removed 
to Southold after 1683 and before 
the census of 1686. He lived on 
the North Road in Aquebogue 
where he owned many tracts of 
land. He held five Indian slaves- 
He died in 1701, leaving his lands 
to his his sons Israel and David. 
David Parshall (1682 - 1726, 
died Aquebogue, buried Matti- 
tuck) married his first cousin 
Mary Gardiner, daughter of Dav- 
id Gardiner and Martha Youngs. 
Martha was the daughter of Col. 
John Youngs and granddaughter 
of Rev. John Youngs, the first 



clergyman at Southold. David and 
Mary Parshall had six children, 
their eldest son being named 
David. 

David Parshall, owner of the 
snuffbox, was probably born in 
Aquebogue about 1705. He died 
about January 1760; the location 
of his grave is unknown. He mar- 
ried Sibyl, daughter of Capt. 
Ephriam and Sarah (Herrick) 
White, who lived to be 96 years 
old; she died July 8 1812 and is 
buried in Patchogue. (It would be 
interesting to know more about 
David Parshall's wife whose life 
spanned the Colonial, Revolu- 
tionary, and early Federal periods 
of American History- She lived to 
see the births of at least ten 
great-great grandchildren!) 

David and Sibyl had eight chil- 
dren. Two of them were soldiers 
in the Revolution. Of these, James 
is said to have been a fine penman 
who sometimes acted as a field 
secretary to General Washington; 
he was one of Major Andre's 
guards before his execution. His 
brother, John Parshall, eviden- 
tally came into possession of the 
snuffbox after David Parshall's 
death in 1760. One can only won- 
der whether the numerous little 
dents in the silver occured while 
John carried the box during the 
Revolution. (James married first 
Deborah Clark, second Mrs. Dor- 
othy Longbotham Bostwick. John 
married Phebe Coddington.) The 
other children were David (m. 
Elizabeth Sweezy), Elias (m. 
Anna Youngs), Sibyl, George 
("drowned" 1775), Mehitabel (m. 
Phineas Corwin), and Desire (m- 
Daniel Downs 1st. It was appar- 
ently Desire - a widow - who 
was the "Downs" who provided 
lodging for Thomas Jefferson and 
James Madison in Moriches on 
the night of June 13, 1791.) 

It might be of interest to note 
something about snuff itself. Made 
from tobacco, it was being used 
by various Indian tribes when 
America was discovered. 

There are references to the use 
of snuff in England as early as 
1599. From early times snuff was 



143 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 

praised as a medicine and also 
damned as a curse. In 1615 the 
court poet to James I called to- 
bacco a "hell-dust, England's sha- 
me, a madness, a frenzy" and in 
1634 the Czar of Russia decreed 
that snuff takers were to have 
their noses amputated. In the 
light of the current cigarette 
cancer scare, it is notable that in 
1761 (a year after David Parshall's 
death) an English doctor stated 
that "many persons have perished 
miserably of diseases occasioned 
or rendered incurable by (the 
use of snuff)." 

David Parshall's silver snuffbox 
has been examined for any clues 
that it might yield as to its time 
and place of origin. The box is 
oval, about 2% inches by 1% 
inches and weighs 34.83 grams. 
It is neatly fashioned; the lid 
closes snugly- It does not bear a 
silversmith's mark, a not uncom- 
mon omission on small pieces of 
silver. The shape of the box is not 
significant in dating the box, as 
oval, round, and rectangular sha- 
pes were all common during the 
entire period when snuff was 
popular. (The oldest dated snuff- 
box, by the way, is an oval in 
silver, of 1655.) 

The tulip and leaves on David 
Parshall's snuffbox are engraved 
with a vigor and directness that 
suggest a practiced, but artistic- 
ally unsophisticated, hand. Leaves 
and flowers appears as decora- 
tion on a number of American 
snuffboxes that I have seen; how- 
ever, I have not seen another 
which featured a tulip as does 
this one. 

In England and America the 
tulip appeared as a notable dec- 
orative feature on silver, ceramics 
and textiles for well over a hun- 
dred years. This long popularity 
means that the tulip on the snuff- 
box can not be of much help in 
dating the box. 

Where did David Parshall ob- 
tain his snuffbox? Assuming he 
purchased it locally, there are at 
least three possibilities. One was 
the store kept by Jonathan Hor- 
ton 2nd in Southold. Wayland 
Jefferson has quoted some of the 
sales from the store ledgers for 
1731-32 in his book Cutchogue. 
Silver coat and vest buttons were 
among the items sold. 

It would be interesting to make 
a more thorough check of this 




ledger- (Where is it now?) An- 
other store was in Cutchogue, 
apparently on the Main Road near 
Manor Hill, kept by David Gardi- 
ner. I do not know whether this 
was David (1662-1773) or his son 
David (1705-1748), but in either 
case he was a very close kinsman 
to David Parshall. The third pos- 
sible source was Abraham Davids 
whom W. Jefferson describes as 
"a dealer in silver plate, Lowe- 
stoft china, fine silks, lace and 
other luxuries". A descendent of 
Abraham Davids living in Cut- 
chogue does not believe any of 
his account books have survived. 
In the eighteenth century, sil- 
verware was made to order for 
the individual purchaser. Appar- 
ently small silver items such as 
the aforementioned silver buttons 



JULY 1964 

sold in Jonathan Horton's store 
were an exception to this rule, 
And it seems quite possible that 
David Parshall's snuffbox could ^ 
have been purchased in a similar 
fashion. If so, the initials on the 
bottom (D P, separated by an 
asterisk-like mark) may have 
been added by another silver- 
smith sometime after its purchase. 
I have looked at a number of 
pieces of American silver which 
have engraved Roman letters and 
found that this asterisk-like mark 
between the letters was used by 
more than one silversmith. Some 
used other devices, e. g. a little 
flower or a diamond shape- 
It is interesting to note that 
this asterisk mark between the 
owner's initials was used on at 
least five pieces of silver made by 
the noted Long Island silver- 
smith Elias Pelletreau who work- 
ed in Southampton from shortly 
after 1750. If the snuffbox was 
made by John Windover of New 
York City who died 1727, it would 
mean that quite a few years pass- 
ed before the owner's initials 
were added, if they were added 
by Pelletreau. 

There are many unanswered 
puzzles about the snuffbox. Yet ^^ 
so there is something very satis- 

(Continued on page 160) 



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144 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



^Where r L)errazzanno Lived 



THREE YEARS ago, while 
driving to a pier in Hoboken 
whence we were to embark 
upon a Mediterranean voyage, 
our eyes were caught by giant 
signs bearing the name "Ver- 
razzano Bridge." Fair 1 enough, 
we thought. We already have 
a Henry Hudson Bridge and 
Parkway and incidentally a 
river named after the English 
explorer, but then what about 
Mr. Verrazzano — did he 
actually "discover" Long Is- 
land or was it Henry Hudson? 
Well it depends, of course, 
on what one means by the 
word "discover. " According to 
a recent edition of Mr. Web- 
ster we find the following. "3. 
To obtain, for the first time 
sight of knowledge of, as of a 
thing existing already, but 
not perceived or known." 
According to this definition 
we must concede that, in the 
light of present day know- 
ledge, Giovanni da Verraz- 
zano was in command of the 



Henry C. Joralemon 

first European expedition to 
enter New York Harbor and 
consequently to sight the 
shores of Long Island, on 
April 17, 1524. 

We are still of the school 
that believes men from Henry 
Hudson's expedition of 1609, 
under the auspices of the 
Dutch were actually the first 
white men to SET FOOT on 
Long Island. 

For those who are interes- 
ted in pursuing the matter in 
detail, may we recommend 
the fine pamphlet issued and 
authored in 1958 by Liono S. 
Lipinsky, "Giovanni da Ver- 
razzano, The Discoverer of 
New York Bay." Here one 
will find a translation of the 
"Cellere Codex," a copy of the 
report which Verrazzano dic- 
tated to a scribe for the in- 
formation of Francis I of 
France, under whose auspices 
he sailed. Prior to the dis- 



covery of this letter in 1908, 
scholars were often inclined 
to doubt the authenticity of 
the report, since only faulty 
copies of it existed. 

According to author Lipin- 
sky, men from the DAU- 
PHINE, with a crew of fifty 
men, explored the coast of the 
new continent, North Amer- 
ica, from North Carolina to 
Newfoundland. The only land- 
ing made in the New York 
area was made "at the pre- 
sent site of Tompkinsville on 
Staten Island," in a small 
boat. Further explorations of 
the New York harbor area 
were prevented by an unfav- 
orable wind. 

What follows is merely a 
personal saga of our attempts 
to visit Verrazzano's birth- 
place, in Italy. 

A few days out at sea we 
struck up a friendly conver- 
sation with our deck chair 
neighbor. We told him of our 
interest in things historical, 




The Verrazzano Villa in Greve in Chianli. 



Foro Roberto. Panzano Chianti. Greve. 

145 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



and asked him if he knew 
whence Verrazzano hailed. "I 
should," he replied, "since I'm 
supposed to know something 
about the 16th century." He 
turned out to be none other 
than Garret Mattingly, famed 
scholar-writer and author of 
the recent widely - acclaimed 
book, "The Armada." "Signor 
Verrazzano," he told us, "was 
a Florentine." 

A month later we arrived 
in Florence. It was a Sunday. 
The formerly all - knowing 
concierge at the hotel had 
never heard of Verrazzano. 
We strolled along in the sun- 
shine by the River Arno, stood 
at the bridge where Dante 
met Beatrice, walked leisurely 
along the Ponte Vecchio and 
wondered, just wondered, 
about our explorer. 

Early Monday morning we 
set out for the U.S. Informa- 
tion Service Library on the 
Via Tornabuoni and met suc- 
cess in the person of the refer- 
ence librarian, Mrs. Amada 
Daria, who told us that we 
should find a house where our 
explorer lived in Greve in 
Chianti, not far from Flor- 
ence. The next day, with a 
driver named Mario and our 
far better half, we set out for 
Greve in a brand new little 
Fiat — all cars in Italy seem 
to be Fiats. After eighteen 
kilometers of a very beautiful 
drive through the hills we 
came to Greve and there, 
standing in the center of the 
square, stood a fine statue of 
our man. 

It was not a clear day but 
we essayed pictures. We noted 



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that the statue was signed by 
the sculptor, one Romeo Paz- 
zabi, who executed it in 1913. 
A plaque on the pedestal had 
on it a bronze bas relief of 
the explorer's three - masted 
carrack, "The Dauphine." 

We found just one postcard 
picture of the statue, but the 
lady proprietor of the store 
told us one Signor Carlo 
Baldini who was doing some 
research on Verrazzano's life. 
Signor Baldini we found at 
home, a pleasant young man. 
He took us into his study — 
filled with books and docu- 
ments, many relating to Gio- 
vanni Verrazzano and others 
to another of his favorites, 
Americus Vespucci. 

Signor Baldini spoke Ital- 
ian and a little French. We 
spoke less French but, with 
the help of our taxi driver 
Mario, we learned that there 
was a house — a villa not too 
far away — where the Ver- 
razzano family lived. Signor 
Baldini believes that he will 
one day prove that Verraz- 
zano was born in Greve de- 
spite claims of Florence, but 
most startling of all he means 
to show that Verrazzano and 
Americus Vespucci were 
friends and that Vespucci in- 
fluenced our explorer — gave 
him an interest in the sea and 
the world. 



i B l(S) 



Then Mr. Baldini handed 
us a copy of Leo Lipinsky's 
pamphlet cited above. 

"But we had to come all the ^ 
way to Florence to get a copy 
of this book/' we said, "when 
we could have gotten one in 
New York !" We thanked Mr. 
Baldini for his kindness. We 
find that people the world 
over who have an interest in 
things historical are unfail- 
ingly patient, helpful and 
kind. 

Mario then drove us up a 
tortuous, pebbly road along 
the bank of a steep hill and 
we came to the villa. A little 
boy peered out of the gates, 
then smiled and invited us in 
to see the fish. Sure enough 
there a pool filled with carp. 
The corner of the pool may 
be seen in the picture of the 
villa at right front. We ad- 
mired the fish and then turn- 
ed to look at the villa and 
were rewarded by seeing the 
Verrazzano coat of arms em- 
blazoned on the side near us 
— a light blue eight pointed 
wind-rose and a small lily 
beneath. 

It is a beautiful place, with ^ 
a wide sweeping view. It is 
now owned by a Florentine 
newspaper publisher and must 
be an ideal vacation spot. The 

(Continued on page 162) 





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146 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



^Whitehead ^icks and Qomelius HJan ljl)yck 



Richard K. MacMaster, S. /. 

ON AUGUST 28, 1776, the 
day after the Battle of Long 
Island, Sir William Erskine 
occupied the village of Jama- 
ica with the 71st Highlanders 
and the 17th Light Dragoons. 
By nightfall, the first prison- 
ers taken by the British cav- 
alrymen began to arrive at 
the Widow Cebra's tavern, 
where Erskine made his head- 
quarters. Among them was 
the badly wounded General 
Nathaniel Woodhull. 

Woodhull had retired across 
Queens County from his ad- 
vanced position on the Pol- 
hemus farm in modern Wood- 
haven to Carpenter's tavern 
in present-day Hollis. All but 
a handful of his command 
melted away in the course of 
the retreat. The General was 
waiting at the inn for the ar- 
rival of Cornelius Van Wyck 
of Little Neck, with word of 
possible reinforcements. 

Cornelius Van Wyck, a dele- 
gate from the town of Flush- 
ing to the Provincial Congress, 
had been negotiating for the 
transfer of Remsen's Queens 
County militia from the bat- 
tlefield in Brooklyn, by boat, 
to Flushing, whence they 
would march to join Wood- 
hull. On the afternoon of 
August 28th, Van Wyck was 
on his way to tell Woodhuii 
that Washington needed Rem 
sen's men with him. 

It is not clear whether Van 
Wyck met a patrol of Colonel 
Birch's red-coated troopers on 
that fateful afternoon or was 
arrested the next day at his 
own home on the shores of 
Little Neck Bay in modern 
Douglaston. What is certain is 
that by the last day of August 
1776, Cornelius Van Wyck 
was one of the prisoners con- 
fined in the Jamaica Presby- 
terian Church. 

The British advanced post 
at Jamaica served as a rally- 
ing point for the Tories of 
Long Island. Some had suf- 
fered cruelly for their loyalty 
to the Crown, others were op- 
portunists who recognized the 




crushing defeat Washington 
had suffered as a sign of in- 
evitable British victory. David 
Golden joined Erskine on the 
28th and other distinguished 
Loyalists were riding in hour- 
ly, along with lesser fry who 
wanted to protect their prop- 
erty by a show of loyalty. 

Old General Oliver DeLan- 
cey, the recognized leader of 
the Loyalist party in New 
York, was at Jamaica on the 
29th, issuing proclamations of 
amnesty and calling on loyal 
farmers to bring their teams 
and wagons to the British 
camp. Soon hundreds of wag- 
ons, thick with the dust of late 
summer, were rumbling 
through Jamaica. 

Everyone wanted to take 
the oath allegiance as a proof 
of his fidelity to the Crown. 
Justice Whitehead Hicks, 
Judge of the Supreme Court 
of the Province of New York, 
solemnly administered the 
oath to the Tories gathered in 
Jamaica. As each swore al- 
legiance, Judge Hicks gave 
him a certificate and a bit of 
red ribbon to wear in his hat. 
Even General Woodhull took 
the oath before he and the 
other prisoners left Jamaica 
for New Utrecht. 

Whitehead Hicks did every- 
thing in his power to protect 
"rebel" property and to make 
the transition back to British 
rule as easy as possible. One 
of the incidents recorded of 
these confused days shows 
him driving off some vandals 
who were trying to saw off 
the belfry of the Presbyter- 
ian Church. 

September and October 
found Justice Hicks in various 
parts of the Island, adminis- 



tering the oath, finding billets 
for British regiments, pro- 
tecting "rebel" farms and in- 
terceding for prisoners. A- 
mong the many patriots for 
whom he stood bond was his 
own brother-in-law Cornelius 
Van Wyck. On October 17th 
Van Wyck returned home 
safely to his wife and chil- 
dren. 

Hicks and Van Wyck had 
grown up on neighboring 
farms. Thomas and Margaret 
Hicks had a large farm in 
Bayside and there Whitehead 
Hicks was born on August 
24, 1728. He was the eldest 
of the family. His sister, 
Sarah Hicks, was born on 
March 22, 1738. Across Little 
Neck Bay was the farm of 
Cornelius Van Wyck, Senior. 
The farmhouse that he built 
for his bride, Mary, daughter 
of Judge Isaac Hicks, in 1730 
is still standing at 20th Street 
and Manor Road. 

Whitehead Hicks was de- 
stined for a career as a lawyer 
from his boyhood. He received 
a good education from school- 
masters in New York City 
and began the study of law 
in the office of the Hon. Wil- 
liam Smith. It was the custom 
then for young men to "read 
law" under the direction of a 
competent attorney, while 
working in his office. White- 
head Hicks studied with Judge 
Smith's son, William Smith, 
Jr., and William Livingston. 

On October 22, 1750 White- 
head Hicks was admitted to 
the New York bar. He prac- 
ticed in New York City for 
some months, but in 1752 was 
appointed Clerk of the Coun- 
ty of Queens. In 1757 he left 
Long Island again to reside in 
New York City. In October 
1757 he married Charlotte, 
daughter of John Brevoort. 

In 1766 Whitehead Hicks 
was appointed Mayor of the 
City of New York. The city 
was enjoying a period of calm 
after the riots over the hated 
Stamp Act. The Corporation 
voted to erect a statue of Geo- 
rge III in Bowling Green, as 

147 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



a sign of their loyal esteem 
for the King, but before May- 
or Hicks left City Hall the 
statue would be dragged down 
as the symbol of a hated op- 
pressor. 

While her brother was ris- 
ing in his legal and political 
career, Sarah Hicks was liv- 
ing at the family home in 
Bayside. On June 3, 1769 she 
married Cornelius Van Wyck, 
Jr. and went to live in the 
Van Wyck house on Little 
Neck Bay that he had inherit- 
ed from his father. 

Cornelius Van Wyck had 
become a leader in the affairs 
of the community and of St. 
George's parish in Flushing. 
Along with his Bayside neigh- 
bor, Joseph Lawrence, and 
Captain Nathaniel Tom of 
Flushing, Van Wyck stood out 
as an outspoken critic of Brit- 
ish rule in a largely Tory com- 
munity. When elections were 
held for delegates to the 3rd 
and 4th Provincial Congress, 
Cornelius Van Wyck was 
chosen to represent Queens 
County. 

Whitehead Hicks looked on 
the activities of the Congress 
with increasing disfavor. His 
difficulties with the Sons of 
Liberty came to a climax on 
April 51, 1775, when he order- 
ed the arrest of Isaac Sears 
and Marinus Willett on 
charges of disturbing the 
peace. Willett posted bail, but 
a mob rescued Sears outside 
the prison. At the next meet- 



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ing of the Council, on April 
24th, Mayor Hicks had to ad- 
mit that he was powerless to 
enforce the laws. 

Mayor Hicks had hoped to 
prevent a mass meeting at the 
Liberty Pole, summoned by 
Willett and Sears, to take ac- 
tion against four New York 
merchants who had agreed to 
ship supplies to General 
Gage's redcoats in Boston. 
Two of the merchants in ques- 
tion, William and Henry 
Ustick, fled to their country 
home in Flushing, but one of 
the quartet fell into the hands 
of the mob and had to be 
rescued by Mayor Hicks him- 
self. 

The return of Governor 
William Tryon from England 
precipitated another crisis for 
the Mayor in July 1775. The 
Mayor and Common Council 
prepared an address of wel- 
come alluding to their ardent 
wishes "for the reestablish- 
ment of the common Tranquil- 
ity upon that ancient System 
of Government which has been 
such a fruitful source of gen- 
eral Prosperity." 

The Provincial Congress 
sent Hicks a peremptory ord- 
er not to call on the Governor, 
but he had already given 
Tryon a copy of the address. 
He yielded so far as to cancel 
the Council's reception for 
the Royal Governor. 

In October 1775 British 
rule was at such a low ebb 
that Tryon fled to the safety 



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of a ship anchored in the har- 
bor. Mayor Hicks was there- 
after in the unenviable posi- 
tion of spokesman for the city 
residents with two mutually 
hostile governments: the im- 
portant royal authority of 
William Tryon and the Prov- 
vincial Congress headed by 
Nathaniel Woodhull. 

His most successful act in 
this trying period was to 
secure a pledge on February 
7, 1776 from the captain of 
H. M. S. Asia not to bombard 
the city. 

On February 14, 1776 relief 
came to Mayor Hicks in the 
form of an appointment to 
the Supreme Court of the 
Colony. David Matthews, an 
outspoken Tory alderman, 
took his place at City Hall 

Whitehead Hicks and his 
family moved to Jamaica on 
the 1st of May. A number of 
his letters at this time ex- 
pressed concern that his re- 
moval from the city might be 
construed as a refusal to en- 
roll in the militia. 

Judge Thomas Jones, his 
colleague on the bench, de- 
scribed Hicks as "of so • 
timorous a disposition that if 
there was nothing else to 
frighten him, his own shad- 
ow would do so/' although 
"he rather inclined to the 
rebellious side of the Ques- 
tion." 

Throughout his long admin- 
istration as mayor, Hicks had 

(Continued on page 162) 



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SAg Harbor 5-0012 



148 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



Photography Professional and cAmateur 



A TRUE TALE 

by Kate W. Strong 

MY FIRST photograph was 
taken when I was at the age 
of three. My parents took me 
to New York to a photogra- 
pher who was famous for 
taking children's pictures. He 
had two mechanical toys - a 
monkey that turned somer- 
saults, and a doll that played 
on the piano. I never forgot 
them and when at the age of 
five I was taken to a studio in 
New Haven, I was much dis- 
gusted when they had only a 
picture of a little boy for me 
to look at. However, that 
picture of me was a success, 
while the other one was not. 
The trouble was that, before 
the first picture, I had just 
had my hair cut. In the later 
one I had curls made by the 
painful process of curl pap- 
ers, for my hair was naturally 
as straight as the curling 
stick it was curled around. 

Before the First World 
War, at summer resorts, pho- 
tographers took what were 
called "ping pong" pictures. 
They took five poses, each IV2 
inch square. These were print- 
ed in a string for a quarter.. 
These were well developed, 
for a couple I still own have 
not faded in the least. I think 
if someone could resurrect 
one of those old special cam- 
eras, they would be very pop- 
ular in these days. 

The first amateur camera 
that I ever encountered be- 
longed to a cousin where I 
was visiting. I don't think I 
was more than seven. He took 
some pictures, then retired 
into the big parlor - rather 
ghostly because the curtains 
were down and the furniture 
was covered with linen slips, 
and there he proceeded to 
develop the plates. Alas he 
added too much chemical to 
the bath, and there was noth- 
ing left but clear glass! 

A friend of my father 
brought his fine camera and 
took pictures of my father 
land his dogs, and of our 




*/*j 



Photo of the Beach Taken Some Years Ago by Miss Strong's Sister 
Miss Bessie The scene is at Wainscott. 



house, in the days when there 
were no trees of any height 
except the old cedars. (Now it 
is almost enclosed in trees!) 
My sister Bessie's first 
camera was a square box with 
lines on top, by which you 
were supposed to focus. She 
did wonders with it-interiors, 
landscapes, portraits, it didn't 
matted what it was, for it 
turned out well. She did every- 
thing from the beginning, 
developing and printing, and 
she also made blue prints — 
but more of that later, 

My first camera was called 
Kombi. It was a tiny thing 
that could sit on the palm of 
your hand, beautifully made 
of oxidized metal. It had a 
wide-angle lens, which brou- 
ght a tremendous lot of pic- 
ture onto a tiny, 1*4 inch film 
To load, you pulled it into two 
parts, and wound the minia- 
ture roll of film onto the 
rollers - a tricky job. It was 
called a Kombi because there 
was a mund piece at the back 
that you could take out, then 
put a finished film on the roll- 
ers, and look at it through the 
lens. I gave up using it when 
I got one of the early East- 
man Baby Brownies, and 
later gave it to a boy who was 
interested in photography. I 




am sorry I did, for it would 
have been an interesting ex- 
hibit now. 

Though I did no developing 
or regular printing, I loved to 
make blueprints. Eastman 
sold packages of 4 x 5 inch 
paper for twenty-five cents a 
package. Also, somewhere I 
bought sensitized postcards, 
so I could make my own pos- 
tals. Blueprints were so easy 
to make ! Put a negative and a 
piece of blueprint paper in a 
printing frame in a sunny 
window. When, on taking it 
out to look at the print, which 
you could do safely, the sha- 
dow had turned a certain 
shade of gray brown, you 
knew it was "done." Put in 
■>vater, it came out a beautiful 
Wedgewood blue, and when 
rinsed a number of times, it 
never faded. They were such 
a joy, because you could bor- 
row other - people's films and 
get any picture you wanted. 
I also cut out silhouettes of 
animals and things, and then 
printed them in blue and 
white. In time, Eastman stop- 
ped making it. Perhaps it in- 
terfered with the more ex- 
pensive finished prints. I used 
to beg surveyors to let me buy 
some blueprint paper which 
they had for their maps, but 
it was much coarser and the 
results were not satisfactory. 
Nowa-days one sends in films 
and gets enlarged pictures 
but, in a certain way, one 
doesn't have half the satis- 
faction one did with the old 
blueprints. 



149 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



The Westhampton Beach 
Green Bench Association 

THERE ARE conflicting stories 
about the St. Petersburg - type 
Green Bench which sits ("stands" 
if you prefer) directly in front of 
the William H. Winters' real 
estate office on the south side of 
Main Street in Westhampton 
Beach where it has been since 
1909- The late William H. Winters 
once told us that it had been pre- 
sented to him by the late William 
Atwater. Just recently Bill Win- 
ters, Jr., who carries on the busi- 
ness, told us with perfect candor, 
entirely unconndentially that is, 
that the Bench had been "swiped" 
by an unidentified young man 
and put in its present position. 

At any rate it was, shortly after 
acquisition by the Winters family 
in the 1930's, painted green and 
generally refurbished. Then Mr. 
Atwater, strolling along Main 
Street one fine Spring day, spied 
said Bench, admired its new 
raiment of gorgeous green and 
demanded its return to his pre- 
cincts. 

This request was denied him, 
not by any aggressive action upon 
the part of the Winters family, 
but by pressure of the various 
and assorted Main Street busi- 
nessmen, who had grown accus- 
tomed to whiling away unbusy 
hours by sitting on said Bench in 
the afternoon sunshine. It is re- 
ported that Mr. Atwater not only 
capitulated to the cajoleries of 
Main Streeters but from that day 
on enjoyed sitting in the sunshine 
himself. 

Curious as to just who the 
Charter Members of the West- 
hampton Beach Green Bench 
Association actually were and are, 
your reporter made a special trip 
to Westhampton Beach and con- 
ferred with Mr. C. F- Overton, 



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Safe Deposit Boxes 

Savings Bank Money Orders 

The 
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OF PATCHOGUE, N. Y. 
62 So. Ocean Ave. GR 5-5800 
Open 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily 
except Sat. Fri. Eve. 6:30 to 8 

MEMBER F.D.I.C. 




Millon Weixelbaum left and C. F. (Okie) Overton right seated 
on the Green Bench in front of the William H. Winters Office. 
The photo was especially taken for the Forum by Bill Winters 
at no charge since he got his name in the picture. The building 
in the background on the opposite side of the street is 
reflected in the store window. 



jeweler. We found him sitting on 
the Bench and, upon invitation, 
joined him. Mr. Overton, who has 
been in business on Main Street 
since 1905, stated that it was his 
considered opinion that, in addi- 
tion to William Winters Sr, and 
Bill Jr., the late George Winters 
and he, Mr. Overton, did more 
bench sitting (and some business 
at the same time, of course) than 
anyone else. He further stated 
that Mr. Milton Weixelbaum, 
whose father Moses started busi- 
ness (a food market) back in 1902, 
was entitled to Charter Member- 
ship by virtue of the fact that, 
though he didn't sit as much as 
some, he took up more space 
when he did sit. Capt- Ed Winters 
(brother to Bill and long an out- 
standing commercial fisherman) 
should be considered also. Mr. 
Overton commented that Capt. 
Ed was "out fishin" most of the 



time but when he sat on the 
bench there again wasn't too much 
room left for anyone else, so Ed 
was entitled to some sort of a 
junior Charter Membership. 

The jeweler then listed various 
and sundry other people of the 
community, including members of 
the Parlato, Rogers, Raynor, King 
families, etc., etc. . . . well, it was 
a long list. 

Then we talked some more and 
we learned that Mr- Overton was 
born in Patchogue and lived next 
door to Paul Bailey, founder of 
the FORUM, and where he and 
Paul and the late Osborn Shaw, 
former Brookhaven Town Hist- 
orian, had good times together. 

We further learned that there 
are certain trials and tribulations 
attendant to the jewelry business. 

"For example," stated Mr. O., 
"it used to be that certain persons 
(Continued on page 152) 



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150 






JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



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And 145 Forest Ave., Locust Valley 

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Patchogue 



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QUOGUE 

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Phone: WAding River 9-4000 

If No Answer WA 9-4323 

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or 

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151 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



Green Bench Association 

(Continued from page 150) 
from Quogue who shall remain 
nameless, used to call me on the 
'phone and say, "Mr. O., will you 
kindly just look out your window 
at the movie theatre sign and tell 
me what's playin' tonight?" Here- 
upon the jeweler became thought- 
ful. "I guess you could call it a 
special kind of extra service." He 
rubbed his chin. "If later those 
Quogue people would stop into 
the store and just be lookin', I'd 
remind them of this movie ser- 
vice and they'd just HAFT A buy 
something!" Then he added, 
"Twasn't only Quogue people - 
there were some from Quiogue 
too who were too lazy to read the 
ads in the Hampton Chronicle." 

It was pleasant In the sunshine. 
We started to ask our old friend 
another question but a customer 
strolled into his store- We were 
alone but not for long. Milt Weix- 
elbaum came and joined us. Then 
Bill Winters, Jr. appeared with a 
camera. Then Mr. Overton re- 
appeared - there wasn't room for 
three on the Bench and anyway 
we're not yet entitled to member- 
ship in the W.B.G.BA." so we 
made room for Mr. O- and Bill 
snapped a picture. 

Milt was called away and Bill 
had a customer too, so we got in 
one more question. "Do you sell 
many wedding rings?" we asked. 
Mr. O. laughed. "Lots," he said, 
"but there was one time when the 
whole weddin' was held right in 
my store. This fellow, clammer 
he was come to think of it, drew 
up in his auto, got out and came 
in and says, I wanta buy a weddin 
ring." I got one out and showed it 
to him. "This'll run you eight 
dollars," I told him, and he got 
out a roll and gave me the eight. 
Then he asked me where he could 
get married and I just happened 
to see Justice of the Peace Gaston 
Bishop walk by and I called to 
him, "Hey, Gaston, there's a man 
here wants to get married" 

Gaston nodded and explained 
he'd hafta get the proper books. 
Then I banged on the wall and 
shouted to George Winters, 
"Come in here, George," I shout- 
ed. "We need a witness for a wed- 
din." George came in and Judge 
Bishop came back and the Clam- 
mer got his girl out of the auto 



and we had a weddin' right at 
the counter. Then we shook hands 
all around and that was that. 

Mr. O. pulled his left ear brief- 
ly. "That's another sort of extra 
service a jeweler sometimes 
gives," he said and then he again 
looked thoughtful. "Probably cou- 
ld have sold him a ten or twelve 
dollar ring if I'd thought quick 
enough." 

Two more customers walked 
into Mr. O's store. The interview 
was over and the sun was not as 
bright — too cool to laze longer 
so we strolled over to Gloria 
Seeley's newspaper and stationery 
emporium. 

"Gloria," we asked her, "is it so 
that Mr. Overton has been in 
business longer than anyone here 
on Main Street?" 

"Guess so," Gloria said. 

"But," we added, " the Weixel- 
baum business must be the oldest 
still operated by the original 
family?" 

"Look," Gloria said, "are you 
going to buy anything or are you 
just going to waste my time." 

"Gimme a stick of gum," We 
said. Gloria glared. "I don't want 
you should go broke," she said, 
"but it's a pack or goodbye." 

"O.K-" I gave her a nickel. "Is it 



true that . . ." 

"What year did the Weixel- 
baums start business here? she 
interrupted. 

"1902," we told her. 

"My family started this busi- 
ness in 1901." she said. Please 
close the door quietly when you 
leave." 

The lady had the last word. 
John Wallace 



To Julian Denion Smith 
Having just got around to read- 
ing the March FORUM I must 
tell you how yr article about 
That Old Jay delighted me. You 
certainly know him well (and I 
hope the present tense is correct!) 
and yr humourous account of his 
antics is so true to life. — I loved it. 
That is one reason for writing 
you and the other ties in with a 
saying of my father's which 
has influenced my ideas about 
birds, I think I may say every 
time I feed them. 

When we lived at Brookhaven 
I had feeding stations for the birds 
in several trees and carried on a 
war against the jays who drove 
the smaller birds away. And I got 
myself a reputation in the family 
for my constant running out to 
(Continued on page 157) 



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152 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



^ ^he Lattings of ILattingtown 



Part II 
Peter L. Van Santvoord 

Peter Deall, the merchant 
previously mentioned, had 
married Ethelinde Latting, 
and in 1801 they settled at 
Ticonderoga, New York. 
Among the most interesting 
documents found among the 
Latting's papers was a collec- 
tion of 57 letters to Mr. and 
Mrs. Deall, written by Mr. E. 
Hicks of Newtown, Queens 
County, between April 18, 
1800 and September 7, 1804. 
The earliest ones were sent 
to Mrs. Deall in Lattingtown, 
and some of them were carri- 
ed out from New York by the 
Musquito Cove stagecoach. 
The later ones were sent to 
Ticonderoga. Mr. Hicks may 
have been a rather foppish 
and stuffy personality, but 
his letters provide an interest- 
ing picture of social and poli- 
tical life in Queens County 
and New York City at that 
time. He was an ardent Fed- 
eralist, but praised Jefferson's 
First Inaugural as a states- 
manlike and bi-partisan spe- 
ech. Later, however, he be- 
came convinced that our third 
President was slipping back 
into anti-Federal ways of 
thinking, Mr. Hicks evidently 
took an active part in the gu- 
bernatorial election of 1801, 
in which his candidate, Step- 
hen Van Rensselaer, the pat- 
roon, was decisively defeated 
by George Clinton. He was of 
course bitterly disappointed, 
particularly by the returns 
from New York City, where 
a Federalist plurality had 
been confidently expected. 
Evidently elections in those 
days were no more predictable 
than they are today. 

William, only son of Peter 
and Ethelinde Deall, also 
elected to try his fortunes in 
the Caribbean, as two of his 
uncles had done before him. 
He arrived at Matanzas early 

in January of 1822, and sett- 
led in his Uncle Jordan's 

house. He engaged in busi- 




ness, was offered the Ameri- 
can Counsulship of the City 
and became the friend of Mrs, 
Wollstonecraft, relative of the 
famous Mary Wollstonecraft, 
creator of "Frankenstein" 
and wife of Percy Bysshe 
Shelley. Mrs. Wollstonecraft, 
Deall wrote to his sister, "is 
like her namesake a woman 
of most powerful mind, and 
is one of those who never says 
a foolish thing. Her conver- 
sation is very pleasing .... 
She is too much of a learned 
woman for the generality of 
the people here. I find her a 
very pleasant companion, al- 
most the only female with 
whom you can enjoy rational 
conversation. She makes her 
House perfectly agreeable to 
her visitors. I frequently ride 
out to her place." 

Mr. Deall also admired the 
beautiful daughter of the 
socially prominent Marchesa 
de la Pradomana. During the 
wild three-day Carnival pre- 
ceding Lent, a masked figure 
tried to break into his box at 
the Theatre, and Deall pushed 
him out, only to learn the next 
day that his uninvited guest 
had been the Governor of 
Cuba. "However at such times 
no offence is taken," he added. 
The young man was also a 
keen observer of social cus- 
toms. " Between the ladies 
there is no intercourse, a per- 
petual jealously subsiding be- 
tween them. Heaven preserve 
me from a Spanish wife," he 
wrote. "To speak well of one 
Lady in the presence of an- 
other is the greatest offence... 
And yet when they meet an 



acquaintance they have such 
an affectionate manner that 
you would suppose they had 
the most lively interest in 
each other." 

William Deall died on July 
18, 1822, of yellow fever, only 
a few days after writing his 
last letter home. The first 
knowledge of the tragedy 
received by his family was a 
letter dated October 17th 
from the celebrated Emma 
Wiliard of Troy, New York, 
founder of the school which 
now bears her name. Will- 
iam's sister had been a pupil 
of Mrs. Wiliard, and the en- 
tire family wefe friends of 
hers. She enclosed a miniature 
that William had had painted 
in New York City prior to 
his departure, and had sent 
to her. The delay in notifica- 
tion may have been due to the 
action of pirates, who were 
evidently still troublesome in 
the West Indies at this time : 
Jordan Latting had written 
twice, but neither letter was 
delivered. A collection of 58 
letters, comprising most of 
the Matanzas correspondence 
and a large variety of other 
missives is now in the Nassau 
County Museum. 

Charles Latting, the retired 
mariner, probably found life 
lonely on Long Island after 
the departure of his older 
sister Ethelinde, who was de- 
scribed by one who knew her 
as "a woman of unusual in- 
telligence, of great sprightli- 
ness and vivacity, and re- 
markable for her conversa- 
tional talents." On March 17, 
1803 Charles addressed a let- 
ter to Miss Sarah Frost, a 
former neighbor now living 
near Albany, informing her 
"that it has ever been the fon- 
dest wish of my heart to stile 
you something more than 
friend." He promised to meet 
her if she could return to New 
York City, and give her "an 
earnest of my assertations 
that will be highly pleasing to 
my friends, and confer an 



(Continued on page 160) 



153 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



(^Museums to be Uisited 



Parshall and Terry Families 

In my family records of the 
Terry family I find that Daniel 
Terry's second wife was a widow, 
Elizabeth Swezey Parshall, born 
1746 and died July 5, 1832. Widow 
Parshall had three children, one 
George Parshall. The Terry fam- 
ily lived at Aquebogue where 
most of its members are buried 
in the cemetery opposite Steeple 
Church. Alice T. Bergen 

Garden City 



VISIT 
QUOGUE'S MUSEUM 

IN 
Old 1822 Schoolhouse 

MON. - WED. - FRI. 

3 - 5 P.M. 

JULY thru LABOR DAY 

on Library Grounds 
Guogue Street 



OLD HOUSE 

Cutchogue, New York 

Open 2 to 5 p.m. 

weekends 

Every Day 

July - August 

May 30, - June, September 

Adults 35(/- — Children 15^ 



ROCK HALL 

built ca. 1767 
Broadway, Lawrence, L. I. 

Finest 18th Century House 

Surviving on Long Island 

Beautifully Furnished With 

Antiques 

Open Daily Except Tuesday 

10 lo 5, Sunday 12 to 5 

April to November 30 

Admission 50c, Children 25c 
School Groups by Appt. Free 

Owned By 
The Town of Hempstead 

Interior Under The Care of 

The Society for the Preservation 

of Long Island Antiquities 



WEBB HOUSE 

Village Lane - Orient, L. I. 
Opposite Historical Society 

Mr. and Mrs- George R. Latham, Proprietors 

OPEN: TUESDAY, THURSDAY,, 
SATURDAY, SUNDAY -2-5 



Adults 25c 



Children 10c 



THE 

THOMPSON HOUSE 

North Country Road 
Setauket, New York 

Open May 29 to Oct. 1#, 1964 

Daily except Tuesday, 1 to 5 

Sunday 2 to « 

Admission 50c Children 25c 

SHERWOOD -JAYNE 
HOUSE 

Old Post Road 
East Setauket, New York 

Open May 29 to Oct, 13, 1964 

Daily except Tuesday, 1 to 5 

Sunday 2 to 6 

Owned by The Society for the 
Preservation of Long Island Antiquities 

Send 250 to S.P.L.I.A., 

Setauket, N. Y. for Guide to 

97 LANDMARKS OF 

LONG ISLAND 

including map, days, hours open etc. 



Oysterponds Historical Society 

Village House 

ORIENT, L, I. 

Exhibits of Long Island An- 
tiquities, Wars, Indians, Early 
Farm Implements and Home 
Industries, Loom Room With 
Spinning and Weaving Equip- 
ment, Ship Models, Navigation 
Instruments, Marine Paintings 
Genealogical Records, etc., etc. 

Open; July, August, September 

Tues., Thurs., Sat., Sun. 
2 to 5 P.M. 

Admission (Door Contribution) 
(Adults $.50 

Non-Members : 

(Children $.10 

Illus. Booklet on Early History 
of Orient $1.00 



SOUTHOLD HISTORICAL SOCIETY MUSEUM 

Main Road and Maple Lane 
SOUTHOLD 

Open 
JUNE 16 - SEPTEMBER 15 

Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday 

2 - 5 P.M. 

This Museum includes four buildings: 

The Turn-of-the-Century House with fine collections from old 
families m a home atmosphere and with special appeal to chil- 
dren for its Children's Room. 

The Eighteenth Century Barn; its old vehicles and farm collection 
The Buttery. 

The Out-Building of hand-wrought and early machine-made 
tools; also exhibiting Southold's first, hand-drawn fire-engine. 

These relics tell the nostalgic story of the old town's past. 

Donation: Adults 50c; Children 25c; under 6 years, free 

special rates for organized groups. 



154 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



behind ^he Lines-Tart HI 



by Chester' G. Osborne 
Part III 

DESPITE THE help of Will- 
iam Booth, the Farmings and 
Coopers, Ruth Smith was to 
have a difficult time "behind 
the lines". The British were 
determined to control the 
"Farm in the Manor of St. 
George" and to fortify the 
place. (The story of the fort's 
destruction by Major Benja- 
min Tallmadge has been told 
in Long Island Forum, Vol. 
17, p. 173 and Vol. 22, p 129). 
The fort had probably been 
finished when Ruth received 
an order : 

"October 18, 1780 
"Whereas his excellency 
James Robertson Esq. Cap- 
tain Genl and Governor of the 
Province of New York, Lieut. 
General of his Majesty's 
Forces etc. hath been pleas'd 
and in his hand writing to 
Grant to one of one hundred 
more of his Majesty's faithful 
loyal Subjects who have been 
driven from their Habitations 
by the Rebels the Free Use of 
a farm in the Manor of St. 
Georges, County of Suffolk on 
the South side of Long Island 
belonging to William Smith 
a person now act. in Rebellion. 
I do therefore for myself & 
in behalf of the said One hun- 
dred faithful Loyal Subjects 
order & direct you, Mrs. 
Smith, of the said William 
Smith Without further delay 
to Remove yourself & Family 
from off the said Farm; the 
Negroes who have Applyd for 
the Benefit of his Excellency 
Sir Clinton's Proclamation 
Excepted. Given under my 
hand at the Manor of St. 



S. C. N. B. 

Your Local 
Community Bank 

Suffolk Counly National Bank 
Riverhead, N. Y. 

Complete Banking Service 
Member F.D.I.C. PArk 7-2700 




The Manor of SI. George 



George this 18th Day of Oct- 
ober 1780. 

Thomas Hassard 

To Mrs. Smith, Etc." 

Where Ruth went after this 
order is not known, nor do we 
know how long she stayed 
away. The "One hundred loy- 
al Subjects" who moved onto 
the Manor were probably 
Tories from Rhode Island. 
Their stay was of limited du- 
ration, for Tallmadge attack- 



ed the place a month later. 

Booth seems to have stayed 
around. A letter from him, 
written in 1817, tells of some 
of the aftermath; the Cap : 
tain Hazard who "had a mind' 
to kill him with the sword 
may have been the same as 
the "Hassard" who signed 
the order to Ruth. 

"My Dear friend", Booth 
wrote to Samuel Carman, 
(Continued on page 159) 



your savings earn interest 

from day of deposit 

AT THE 

RIVERHEAD SAVINGS BANK 

93 Years of Service to 
savers and homeowners 



RIVERHEAD, N. Y. 



PArk 7-3600 



155 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



w. 



ritina 



out 



IA/ritin< 



9 



An Episode in American Journal- 
ism, A History of David Froth- 
ingham and His "Long Island 
Herald." Beatrice Diamond. Ken- 
nikat Press, Port Washington, 125 
pp., $6.00. 

NOW THAT higher education is 
firmly established in Nassau and 
Suffolk Counties, we can expect 
an increasing number of mature 
historical studies of Long Island- 
Mrs. Diamond's book, which is 
published for the graduate Fac- 
ulty of C. W. Post College, gives 
a well-documented picture of the 
man who established the first 
newspaper on Long Island in 1791. 

Before describing David Froth - 
ingham, however, she gives a 
brief background of colonial 
America and colonial Long Island. 
Here she lays emphasis on the 
differences between the Alexan- 
der Hamilton Federalists and the 
Jeffersonian anti-Federalists. Most 
newspapers of the day were pol- 
itical vehicles for the violent ex- 
pression of the followers of Ham- 
ilton or Jefferson. Aaron Burr of 
course was in the Jeffersonian 
camp and the culmination of his 
bitter quarrels with Hamilton led 
to the duel on the Heights of Wee- 
hawken, where Burr took Hamil- 
ton's life. 

Frothingham was an anti-Fed- 
eralist. When he came to Sag Har- 
bor his stated purposes were nob- 
le. In the very first issue of the 
Herald he told his readers his 
purpose could be best described in 



Historical Footprints 

At Lake Ronkonkoma 

By 

Lois J. Watt 

64 pages with 30 original 
sketches 

LEGENDS — LANDMARKS 

L. I. HISTORY 

$1.25 

Write: "Footprints",. Ronkonkoma 
Review. Box 172 
Lake Ronkonkoma, N. Y. 




The Long Island Herald House at Sag Harbor. From a Watercolor 
by Cyril A. Lewis. 



Alexander Pope's famous couplet. 

'Eye Nature's walks, shoot folly 

as it flies, 

And catch the manners living 

as they rise. 

Politics and ambition evidently 
got the better of him for seven 
years later, on December 19, 1798, 
Frothingham went to a political 
rally in Bridgehampton and this 
changed his whole life- 

"Among those present at the 
Bridgehampton Rally that mo- 
mentous day were the notable 
opponents of the Federalists, in- 
cluding Aaron Burr who was 
combining his political and legal 
activities while he was there. He 
had come out to the neighboring 
town of Easthampton in the role 
of attorney to Ebenezer Dayton, 
and had accompanied him to the 
Rally. Aaron Burr recognized 
David Frothingham at the Rally 
and engaged him in conversation, 
Frothingham was urged to leave 
Sag Harbor and come to New 
York to assist Aaron Burr in 
publishing the Argus/' 

In 1799 Frothingham was arr- 
ested, "on the complaint of Alex- 
ander Hamilton, for violation of 



the Alien and Sedition Laws." 
Frothingham was just a pawn in 
a giant political game. He was 
convicted, sent to jail and never 
heard from again. 

The story has been told before 
but Mrs. Diamond gives it an 
authenticity and vividly captures 
the atmosphere of the late 18th 
century. 

She adds flavor to her book 
with quotations from the acri- 
monious and florid style of the 
day. Below is an example of 
Frothingham's style, when he re- 
plied to a fellow journalist. 
"His tongue is the tongue of 
slander, the poison of Asps is- 
sued from his lips." 
"To give our readers an idea of 
the writer of the above paragraph 
we should inform them that he is 
a Billingsgate Scoundrel, trans- 
ported to this country by Will 
Pitt, and his party- 

"His real name is William Cob- 
bett, he publishes a daily news- 
paper in the city of Philadelphia, 
his only support is Englishmen. 
Tories, and Refugees. Each morn- 
ing is issued through his 'stink- 
pot of Sedition,' the most scan- 



Wriiers, Genealogists, Historians — Attention! 

Manuscript Typing, Secretarial Service, Copying Machine 



288 - 3170 



MARY O, FRITCHIE 

P.O. Box 176 Westhampton Beach 



- 



156 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



dalous and abusive epithets ag- 
ainst public men and measures — 
and private characteristics attack- 
ed with the most scurrilous lan- 
guage. Not long since, his Foxy 
Scalp, received a just battering 
with true American Hickory, for 
a libelous, low, livid pun a gen- 
tleman of known Republican 
principles and respectability in 
Philadelphia." 

We enjoyed this book. We offer 
one minor suggestion. The people 
of East Hampton prefer it - in fact 
insist on spelling the name of their 
township and village as two 
words. — C.J.M. 



A Near Shipwreck 

In 1917 while on a navy patrol 
boat, we were anchored inside of 
Fire Island bar. It was a fine sun- 
ny day with just a breath of 
southwest wind- Early in the 
morning the watch announced 
that a ship was aground on the 
bar. She was a two masted 
schooner coming in from sea, and 
without wind enough to navigate 
had drifted upon the bar with the 
help of the beginning of flood tide. 
We immediately got under way 
and put a line on the schooner. 
We asked the captain, who was 
sitting on the wheel box, why he 
had not thrown an anchor. He 
replied that he had jus been dis- 
charged from the Marine Hospital 
in the city and was too weak to 
do so. However, he was able to 
make our line fast to his bow. He 
was all alone, had no crew. 

With our powerful engine we 
pulled him off without any diffi- 
culty and towed him up through 
tie channels to great South Bay 
to a point off Point O' Woods 
where we cast him off to sail 
home to Oakdale. I think he made 
it all right. I believe the ship's 



Julian Denton Smith 

(Continued from page 152) 
shoo them away. Coming back 
from one of these forays I met 
my father. "Edna' he said, "don't 
you suppose the jays get just as 
hungry as any other bird?" That 
gentle reproof in his mild Quaker 
way, has never been forgotten by 
me and today is a good time to 
pass it on to you — who do not 
need it as reproof — for today is 
my father's birthday and if alive 
he would be 107 yrs old. In win- 
ter when snow covered the gro- 
und he used to take bags of corn 
& grain and scatter it in the 
woods for quail and pheasant — 
for ALL birds. I am glad that I 
read your article today. 

It is always a treat to find yr 
name in the list of contents, in 
the FORUM. I know yr shore birds 
so well for we lived on the beach 
at Wading River for 20 summers. 
From the front porch we could 
see the gulls and toward fall those 
hell divers, the loons — I adore 
l oons — , From the sundeck in the 
rear we looked over the meadow 
& the 'crick' where the heron — 
blue and sometimes white and the 
quawks and the mud hens lived. 
Field glasses brought them almost 
in touch. 

Out here the birds are different 
The jays are a different blue — 
both lighter & darker (my son 
calls them & the mockers "cat- 
killers "because they dive bomb 
his cats!). It took me two yrs to 

name was the Van Deusen. 

This was the second time I 
remember a schooner captain 
sailing his vessel to or from New 
York without any crew. They 
were sturdy but foolhardy cap- 
tains in those days- 

Jewett H. Smith 

Sayville 



Yesteryears Magazine 

A QUARTERLY 

FOR THE STUDY 

AND APPRECIATION OF 

NEW YORK STATE 

REGIONAL HISTORY 

SAMPLE COPY SI.OO 
ONE YEAR, 53. OO 

ADDRESS 

Ed. Office, Scipio Center, 
New York 

History, Genealogy, Archaeology 

FOLKLORE 



find out that a small bird with 
head and breast like dark red 
velvet was a house finch. About 
25 finches & sparrows come to be 
fed and Safeway furnishes wild- 
bird seed. Two doves come at 
different times so I suppose 
the mates are on the nest. A small 
brown bird which scratches like 
a hen comes at times but I've 
never learned what she is. But I 
have the FATTEST birds in Calif, 
bar none. We are really part of 
the city tho with backyards & 
greenery so we don't have many 
kinds where I live. Gulls go over 
sometimes. We are 4 mi. from the 
Pacific. I've heard a crow just 
once. 

Dear Mr. Julian Denton Smith 
(are you any relation to Grace 
Denton Pinckney I wonder who 
used to be my room mate at 
Friends Academy) please continue 
writing bird articles for the 
Forum so a homesick Long 
Islander may feel at home for a 
little while. 

Thank you 
Edna Valentine Bruce 
Los Angeles 
(Editor's Note: Author Smith is 
related) 



For outstanding places to dine 
— see the back page of the Forum 
every month. 



PICTORIAL HISTORY 

OF 

THE MORICHES 

by 
August Stout Jr. 

By Mail $3.00 

write 

P.O. Box 1241 

Cenler Moriches, New York 

11934 



A Gift For Yourself or For a Friend! 

Why not subscribe to the Long Island Forum? 
Twelve issues of local historical articles. 

KEEP UP WITH NEW LONG ISLAND BOOKS 

ONE YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION $3.00 

Box 1267 Westhampton Beach, N. Y. 
We'll send gift card for you 



157 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



JULY 1964 



CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING 



(Rates: 10c per word, minimum 
20 words or $2. Additional con- 
secutive insertions, same copy, 5c 
per word. Copy must be received 
with cash or check by 10th. of 
month preceding following issue. 
Charges accepted from subscrib- 
ers but 15c billing charge will be 
made.) 

WANTED: old carriage letter- 
heads, billheads, broadsides, for 
information about L. I. Carriage 
makers. Jane des Grange, Suffolk 
Museum, Stony Brook, L. I. 

WANTED TO BUY Anything per- 
taining to Long Island history. 
Books, documents, letters, pic- 
tures, paintings, phamphlets, post- 
ers. Early local telephone direc- 
tories, map and L. I. newspapers. 
Geneological material on early 
L. L, families. L.I.R.R., material. 
Old catalogs of L. I. establish- 
ments, etc. Long Island Trading 
Co., Inc. Route 25A, Stony Brook, 
N. Y. Telephone: Area Code, 516. 
751-0117. tf-2 

QUALITY PRINTING. Books, 

pamphlets, magazines. Letter- 
press only. Inquiries from authors, 
publishers invited. We specialize 
in Company magazines serving 
large industrial concerns in the 
New York, New Jersey and Long 
Island area. The Madison Print- 
ing Co., 137 Main Street, Madison, 
New Jersey. Phone FRontier 7- 
2900. (Area Code 201.) tf 

DESCRIPTION of private and 
family cemeteries in the Borough 
of Queens, compiled by the Topo- 
graphical Bureau and edited by 
A. H. Meigs. 1932. $2.00 per copy. 
Apply: Queens Borough Public 
Library. Long Island Collection. 
89-14 Parsons Blvd., Jamaica 32, 
N. Y. 

WANTED TO BUY. Old Stamps, 
stamp collections, old envelopes, 
old correspondence. High prices 
paid. Immediate spot cash. Box 
341, Huntington. tf-2 

For Local year 'round news of 
your friends and activities on the 
South Fork of Long Island, Sub- 
scribe to: The Hampton Chronicle, 
Westhampton Beach 
$4.00 per year 
The Hampton Bays News, 
Hampton Bays, $3.50 per year 
The Southampton Press, 
Southampton, N. Y. $4.00 per year 



ANTIQUES — a steady flow of 
unusual items - THE COUNTRY 
BUMPKIN, 7 Oyster Bay Road 
Locust Valley, N. Y. open 12-5 
Tuesday thru Sunday 

FOR SALE — "The Long Island 
Railroad, Part II, by Vincent Sey- 
iried. Price $5,00 postpaid. The 
Long Island Forum, Box 1267, 
Westhampton Beach, N. Y. 
PLACE NAMES in the Town of 
Smithtown, compiled from the 
Richard H. Handley Collection of 
Long Island Americana by Rufus 
B. Langhans, The Smithtown 
Library, Smithtown, New York. 
Price $1.00. 

"The Ten Towns of Suffolk 
County," 20 Page booklet of early 
history and railroad and steam- 
boat timetables postpaid 50 cents, 
Thomas R. Bayles Middle Island, 
N. Y. 

FOR SALE. The History of Smith- 
town by John Lawrence Smith. 
Published by the Smithtown 
Historical Society. Reprinted 
from Munsell's History of Suffolk 
County, 1882 $5.14 postpaid, P. 
O. Box 69, Smithtown, N. Y. Also 
available at the Little Gift Shop, 
Landing Aven ue, Smithtown. 

GUNS 

WANTED — for my collection. 
Old guns, pistols, powder horns, 
bullet moulds, swords or cannon 
barrels. Indian arrow heads. Li- 
censed dealer for modern guns 
and ammunition. RICHARD G. 
HENDRICKSON, Lumber Lane, 
Bridgehampton, N. Y Telephone 
BRidgehampton 2-0893. tf-2 

AUTOGRAPHS, letters, Senators 
and Governors, $1.00 each or 
group of about 70, $50. News- 
papers: Brooklyn Standard, South 
Side Signal (Babylon) 1883-1900; 
Moriches Messenger, others; Long 
Island Forum, photocopies of 1st 
issue and August 1954 issues, print 
legible but pictures poor, $3.00 
each, limited number available. 
L. I. Forum, Box 1267, Westhamp- 
ton Beach. 

Property on Long Island is be- 
coming increasingly sought after 
by almost everybody, it seems. 
If you are interested why not 
consult the real estate brokers 
advertising in the Forum? 



THE SMITHTOWN NEWS for 
many years has featured Long 
Island History in its columns. 
"News of Long Ago," by Virginia 
Eckels Malone. Write for sample 
copy. Box 515, Smithtown, N. Y. 

FOR ALL THE NEWS of Eastern 
Long Island read the NEWS- 
REVIEW. Subscribe Today P. O. 
Box 720, Riverhead, N. Y. 

Authentic New England manu- 
script documents for sale. Pre- 1875; 
suitable for framing. $3 each, or 
four for $10. Send postal money 
order only. Wanted: old coins. 
Write Walter Kunz, Jr., Box 185, 
Farmingdale, New York. tf-2 

STILL AVAILABLE — a few 
copies of Miss Frances Irvin's 
"Oyster Bay in History/' Price, 
$15. Oyster Bay Historical Society, 
Oyster Bay, N. Y. 



COMPLETE NEWS of Sayville 
and vicinity and provocative com- 
ment is found in The Suffolk 
County News, national and state 
award - winning newspaper. 23 
Candee Avenue, Sayville. SAy- 
ville 4-6200. tf ^ 



Why not give twelve presents 
a year and all for $3.00. Send a 
subscription to the Long Island 
Forum, ($3 a year— two years $5. 

FOR ALL the News of Hunting- 
ton Township subscribe to the 
Long Islander, New York State's 
leading weekly newspaper. 313 
Main Street, Huntington, L. I. 
Hamilton 7-4000. tf 

THE EARLY Years in Brook- 
haven Town, 40 page booklet with 
36 pictures of historical places and 
early history of eastern Long Is- 
land and Brookhaven Town. Price 
$1.00 postpaid. Thomas R. Bayles, 
Middle Island, N. Y. 



Information wanted on the fam- 
ed figurehead "Hercules", salvag. 
ed from the ship of the line, 
"Ohio after she was wrecked off 
Long Island "Hercules" once 
stood near the Canoe Place Inn 
but now is is in Stony Brook. Old 
photos, letters, etc. needed for the 
preparation of a booklet. Please 
write Mrs. Jane des Grange, Suf- 
olk Museum at Stony Brook, L. I., ^ 
New York. 



158 



JULY 1964 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 



Behind The Lines 

(Continued from page 155) 

"the risk I run at Living- at 
Smiths Point in the old war — 
when Hazard was Capt. at 
smiths point he had a mind 
to kill me with the sword be- 
cause I was a friend to Mr. 
Smiths Family. I can assure 
you my friend ... if I had not 
taken an active part there the 
house and barn would have 
been pulled down as I was 
offered Several hundred 
pounds for the buildings, to 
take to New York . . . " 

The City of New York 
needed wood and buildings 
then, after the disastrous fire 
of 1776. So Booth not only 
kept his eye on the Manor 
house, but also on the forests 
to the north: 

"This is to Certify that I 
went on the lande at the head 
of Swift Streem & See a 
great wast Committed in 
Cutting of Pine timber, on 
friday 30th day of June 1780, 
I met david Roberson & I ask- 
ed him where he got his logs 
he told me at the head of 
Swift Streem, and had Carted 

from there a fortnight 

or three weeks, I asked Sd, 
Roberson, if he knew of any 
person Else carted — log? 
from there, he told me his 
Brother Samuel Roberson 
John Woodhull Josiah & Jesse 
Reaner had Carted longer 

than he had the next 

day Saturday the 1st of July 
1780 — I met Josiah Reaner 
carting and his Brother of 
Pine loge — I asked Sd. Reaner 
where he got them logs, he 
— Said on his own land, I told 
him I did not bleve it, but 
thought he got them of Mr. 
Smiths land I asked Sd. Rea- 
ner wheareabout the Land 
was — he Cut the logs — he 
Said it was at the head of 
Swift Stream, I told Sd, Rea- 
ner that was Mr. Smith Lands, 
he said he had Cut & Carted 
a good Many from theire & 
Intended to Cut & Cart as 
many as he had a mind from 
there, and if Mr. Smith should 
| Arrest him for it he would 
Stand him triell as he had 
done before, the same day I 
saw Samuelle Roberson, & 



asked Sd. Roberson how he 
can cut so much timber of 
Mr. Smiths Land — he Saide 
he had cut five or Six trees on 
— Mr. Smiths lande, and 
the rest at the — heade of 
Swift Streem— July 4th, I 
went to — the polace where 
( W) ast was at Sd, streem and 
caw Robeson a Cuting of 
timber and said he had cut a 

great many there 

Wm Booth" 
Booth recalls the war 
years in a letter written Feb- 
ruary 4, 1819; John Smith, it 



seems, had been in Goshen in 
upstate New York for an un- 
specified length of time after 
fleeing Long Island; there is 
news of John's infant son 
William "Point Billy" Smith 
(1777-1857), told in a fasci- 
nating bit of vernacular, and 
something of Booth's own 
philosophy; the letter is ad- 
dressed to Mrs. Mary Robert, 
and the original is in the New 
York Historical Society: 

"... their* is but one thing 
we are sure of in this world, 
that is Death; and happy is 



WHY GO ELSEWHERE 



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beginning January 1, 1964 



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Main Office Forest Hills Office Amityville Office 

JAMAICA AVE. CONTINENTAL AVE. BROADWAY 

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Amityville Hours: Monday to Thursday 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. 
Friday 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. — 5 p.m, to 8 p.m. 



159 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 

them that is prepaired for 
that great change. I am bless- 
ed and Mrs. Booth of a great 
share of health for such old 
persons as we are at present, 
but fearfull both of us, neg- 
lects the main point to be pre- 
paired for Death, as we must 
die soon, by age, as the young 
may Die but the aged must 
leave this world. 

"I was thinking of the old 
Lady your Mother, that she 
cannot take much comfort in 
this world if she be living, 
by old age, and being a crip- 
ple; I flatter myself Mr. Wil- 
liam Smith will take the best 
of care of her and see it be 
done, in her old age, in grati- 
tude he is bound to do it, . . . 
when he was a child the old 
lady took him and nursed him 
in her arms. If you recollect, 
when Mr. John Smith left 
Long Island and went to 
Goshen, he left his son with 
old Mrs. Fanning and she 
took him to the East end of 
the Island, the child was not 
treated so well but he might 
have been used a little better. 
Mr. Smith wrote to me from 
Goshen for me to speak to 
Mrs. Smith to take the child ; 
and for me to go and fetch the 
child from Mrs. Fanning. I 
spoke to Mrs. Smith concern- 
ing the child, she said she 
could not well do it, as she had 
a small child (little Betsey). 
I prevailed on the old Lady 
to take the child and I went 
90 miles to fetch him. Mrs. 
Smith took the best of care of 
the child. 

"I took the liberty one dav 
to speak to Mrs. Smith, as 
she had both children on her 
lap, and both very trouble- 
some, she seemed to be very 
much beat out with them . . ." 
The next letter from "be- 
hind the lines" is from John's 
half-sister Hannah to her 
father, Judge Smith. He was 
then in Poughkeepsie in the 
State Senate. "Uncle Wood- 
hull" may have been John 
Woodhull (1719-1794) who 
married Hannah's aunt Eliza- 
beth Smith. "Polly" may have 
been a pet name for Mary, 
Hannah's sister who married 
Dr. Daniel Robert. 

Hannah herself was to 



marry Richard Woodhull ; his 
later address was Blooming 
Grove, near Goshen. The 
Woodhulls in that area found- 
ed one of the world's largest 
dairies, and established the 
first butter factory. 
"Honnoued Father 

I now have an oppertunity 
by uncle Woodhull to write to 
you which I readyly embrace 
as I make no dout but it will 
give some Satisfaction to 
hear that wee are all in per- 
fect Helth I yesterday re- 
ceved a Letter from Polly She 
wrote me word that Daddy 
was at poughkipcy and was 
very well which he gave me no 
Small Share of happeness to 
hear tho I understand that 
daddy has been enformed 
that his Children att home 
had forgot him but I hope it 
is not Credeted but am afraid 
my being so Long Silent may 
have Confirmed it to my tend- 
er father — as I must Confess 
I have beean very Negglect- 
full of writteing but I hope 
I never Shall be gilty of the 
Same Neglect again but Shall 
embrace every oppertunity to 
write to you as I hope you 
will to Let us hear from you 
as of en as Posable as it all the 

pleasure of Satisfaction 

we are Able to have my 

two Little brothers Join with 
me in ther Duty to you and 
Love to all friends Honourd 
Sis bleve me to be 
Sir bleve me to be 
Ste gorges Manor 
March 28th 1782 
Mr. William Smith 

Your most Dutifull Dauter 
Hannah Smith 
to— Mr. William Smith 
att 
poughkipcy 

Snuff Box 

(Continued from page 144) 
fying about it. The rich color and 
deep gleam of old handwrought 
silver, even that of a dented little 
oval box, cannot be equalled by 
any machine made and machine 
polished silver. The simplicity and 
even the imperfections of the hand 
engraved design speak of a time 
that was less sophisticated in 
some ways, but one in which in- 
dividuality played a greater part. 
To hold David Parshairs silver 



JULY 1964 

The Lccttings 

(Continued from page 153) 

obligation of the first magni- 
tude on him who has long ^ 
fondly anticipated this period 
tho unknown to you." Few 
young ladies could resist so 
eloquent a proposal, and 
Charles and Sarah were 
married on April 26th of the 
same year. 

They were, evidently, a 
very happy and devoted couple 
Charles, like all old sailors, 
sometimes dreamed of return- 
ing to the sea, but in 1805 
young Jane Deall wrote: 
"Uncle Charles has quite 
given up the idea of going to 
the West Indies. Aunt Sarah 
began to cry whenever it was 
mentioned." Jane added, with 
typical teen-aged superiority, 
"It's quite laughable." Char- 
les did, however, undertake a 
business trip to Norfolk, 
Virginia in 1807, but Sarah 
wrote such lonely and un- 
happy letters to him that he 
soon returned. 

Sarah Frost Latting died in 
1810, two weeks after the 
birth of a son. She was 
entirely resigned to quit 
these earthly cares and 
seemed satisfied with an as- 
surance of eternal happiness 
in the world of spirits," said 
a contemporary letter. "Char- 
les seems perfectly resigned 
to his situation. He is as 
cheerful as ever — goes often 
to meeting and makes use of 
the plain language — and the 
probability is that he may be- 
come a member among 
Friends. Sarah wished him to 
choose a companion as soon as 
decency would permit — which 
advice no doubt he will follow 
— as necessity will (demand) 
it." Charles did remarry, a 
year later, choosing the sister 
of his First wife. 

His son, John Jordan Latt- 
ing, who was for many years 
a well-known attorney in New 
York City, became the family 
historian, and it is because of 



snuffbox in one's hand is to hold 
a physical link with a person, a 
people, and a past that every day 
seem somehow to become more 
foreign to our modern world. 



160 



JULY 1964 

his interest that most of the 
old documents previously quo- 
ted were preserved. Many of 
them bear notes and com- 
ments written in pencil on the 
margins, by John Jordan. The 
results of his research were 
set forth in the New York 
Genealogical and Biographi- 
cal Record in 1871. The gen- 
ealogist's brother Joseph had 
five daughters, including 
Jane, who married State Sen- 
ator Townsend D. Cock, and 
one son, Edward Townsend 

EAST HAMPTON HISTORY — 
with genealogies of 47 early East 
Hampton families. 619 pages, pro- 
fusely illustrated. 

The families: Baker, Barns or 
Barnes, Bennett, Chatfield, Conk- 
lin or Conkling, Davis, Dayton, 
Dibble, Dimon, Dominy, Edwards, 
Field, Filer, Fithian, Gann, Gard- 
iner, Gould, Hand, Hedges, Hicks. 
Homan, Hopping, Huntting, Isa- 
acs, Jones, King, Leek, Lester, 
Loper, Miller, Mulford, Murdock, 
Osborn or Osborne, Parsons, 
Payne, Schellinger, Shaw, Sher- 
rill, Simons, Squires, Stratton, 
Strong, Talmage, Tillinghast, Top- 
ping, Vail, Van Scoy. 

$10 the copy 
EAST HAMPTON STAR 
EAST HAMPTON, L. I. 



Latting. Two of Edward's 
daughters, and his grandson, 
are the present members of 
the family to occupy the an- 
cient house at Lattingtown, 
in the area where their ances- 
tors have been prominent res- 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 

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161 



LONG ISLAND FORUM 

Whitehead Hicks 

(Continued from page 148) 
the confidence and respect of 
both parties. His own position 
was dictated not so much by 
fear, as by the conviction that 
the colonists had the right to 
seek redress for their griev- 
ances by legal means. Even 
after Lexington and Concord, 
Americans called themselves 
loyal subjects of the Crown 
appealing in arms to their 
King. By the Spring of 1776 
many colonists were thinking 
of independence. Moderates 
like Whitehead Hicks, who 
paused at revolution, were 
faced with a difficult choice 
between two extremes. 

In June 1776 Judge Hicks 
was summoned from his home 
in Jamaica to be examined by 
a committee of the provin- 
cial Congress as "a person of 
equivocal character." John 
Sloss Hobart of Huntington 
acted as committee chairman. 
Judge Hicks defied "envy 
itself to show anything in his 
conduct that is against his 
country." Although he held 
office under the Crown and 
could not violate his oath of 
allegiance to the King, ''his 
father and brothers are 
strongly attached to, and en- 
gaged in, the American cause ; 
that he therefore, as well as 
from principle, will never be 
induced to take up arms ag- 
ainst his country." 

According to the committee 
minutes, "Mr. Hicks was 
then asked by the Chairman 
whether he thought the pre- 
sent measures of the Colonies 
in defending by arfris justi- 
fiable. To this he replied that 
arms were the last resort, and 
justifiable where necessary as 
the last resort; but that he 
has not fully examined or con- 
sidered whether every other 
necessary expedient had been 
previously used." 

The committee permitted 
Judge Hicks to return to his 
home unmolested, on his pro- 
mise that he would not oppose 
the measures taken by Con- 
gress. 

Judge Hicks and his family 
remained in Jamaica until the 
summer of 1777. On the death 
of his father in July of that 




year, Whitehead Hicks inher- 
ited the family property at 
Bayside and spent the re- 
mainder of his life there. In 
the same year, at Governor 
Tryon's request, he made a 
tour of Long Island to permit 
the loyal militia and other 
residents to swear allegiance 
to King George. 

Whitehead Hicks died at 
his home in Bayside on Oct- 
ober 3, 1780. In his will, he 
left the Bayside farm to his 
son John Brevoort Hicks 
1767-1828 and land in Cum- 
berland County, N. Y. to his 
sons Thomas (1771 - 1815) 
and Elias (1771 - 1849) and 
his daughter Margaret, (1773- 
1791). 

His colleague, Judge Jones, 
wrote of him ;"He was of agay, 
open disposition, cheerful in 
his friendship, was univers- 
ally beloved, and died as un- 
iversally lamented. He was a 
ban vivant, loved company, 
and was a jovial fellow." 

When Whitehead Hicks 
died, the possibility of a Brit- 
ish victory was still real Cor- 
nelius Van Wyck lived to see 
the last redcoats leave Long 
Island and peace return at 
last. He died at Douglaston in 
July 1784. Sarah (Hicks) 
Van Wyck, the patriot's wid- 
ow, lived on until 1810. By 
that time, the bitterness that 
divided Queens County famil- 
ies was all but forgotten. She 
and Cornelius Van Wyck had 
four children : Stephen, White- 
head Hicks, Harriet and Mar- 
garet Van Wyck. In 1790 
Harriet Van Wyck married 
Henry Lawrence, a Bayside 
neighbor, son of Joseph and 
Phebe (Towsend) Lawrence. 
Their son Cornelius Van Wyck 
was born in 1791. He was the 
first Mayor of the City of New- 
York elected by the direct 
vote of the people, a worthy 
successor to Mayor White- 
head Hicks. 



JULY 1964 

Verrazzano 

(Continued from page 146) 

Verrazzano family was evi- 
dently well-to-do. ** 

That night we read Mr. 
Lipinsky's booklet and learn- 
ed : "There are two houses 
both in the immediate vicin- 
ity of Santa Croce that be- 
longed to his (Verrazzano's) 
family." The next morning 
we walked to Santa Croce 
and wandered about until we 
found a small street labelled 
"Via Verrazzano/' We walk- 
ed along slowly until we came 
to the end. There stood a yel- 
low terra cotta house — evi- 
dently now apartments. On 
the house was a plaque at- 
testing to the fact that our 
man was born there — and 
also to the fact "that he was 
the discoverer of the Hudson 
River." True enough, but a 
somewhat disturbing thought! 
Inside the entry we were a- 
gain rewarded with a replica 
of the coat of arms. As we 
stood admiring the latter a 
young man entered. "You live 
here?" we asked. He nodded 
and smiled politely. "Then," 
we said with some attempt 
at drama, "you live in the 
house where Giovanni Verraz- 
zano was born!" The young 
man regarded the coat of 
arms. "Was he important?" 
he said. 



Cutchogue Historical Evenls 

The Annual Membership Meet- 
ing and election of officers will 
take place on Monday, July 20, 
This meeting will be followed by 
documentary movies of Cutch- 
ogue Days of History 1962-1963 
by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Bosch. 
All members are urged to attend. 
Cutchogue School on Depot Lane 
8 P.M. 

On Saturday, July 25, the 
Country Dance Festival will be 
held on the Cutchogue Village 
Green. Fred Corbitt, "The Coun- 
try Dance Man," will call. Exhib- 
ition of early and late American 
dances, Mrs. Harold W. Proom, 
choreographer. Band Concert! 
Refreshment Booth by woman's 
organizations of Cutchogue chur- 
ches. Floyd Houston, Master of 
Ceremonies, with Walter Kaelm 
assisting. 6:30-11 P.M. 



162 



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storage areas and workshop to protect clothes and tools from mildew, 
rust and corrosion. 

Now your summer comfort costs less. Effective June 1,LILLQ reduced 
electric rates by $2,400,000. This is the third rate reduction in the last 
four years, and it makes all electric appliances even more economical 

than ever, 

More good news. From now till August 31st, LILCO is giving away one 
electric dehumidifier per week to a lucky LILCO electric customer. Stop 
in at your LILCO Authorized Appliance Dealer's and fill out your entry 
blank. If your name is drawn, you'll get your dehumidifier free. And do 
it now -before summer's dampness really sets in. 






LONG ISLAND LIGHTING 

AN INVESTOR-OWNED. TAXPAY/NG COMPANY 



Wreck of ihe Schooner 
"William H. Aspinwall" 

About 4 a.m, April 20th, 1880, 
the Schooner "William H. Aspin- 
wall", of New York, (pilot boat 
No. 21), under the command of 
Master Pennea; was caught in a 
thick fog, and came ashore one 
mile west of the Fire Island 
Lighthouse, located on Fire Is- 
land Beach; (sometimes noted on 
maps and charts as Great South 
Beach); Long Island, New York; 
with all sails set standing. 

The schooner carried a crew of 
six men; at the time cruising, for 
vessels desiring a pilot to enter 
New York Harbor. About ten 
minutes after the schooner strand- 
ed, it was discovered by the surf- 
man on beach patrol, from the U. 
S. Life Saving Station No. 25, 
located on Fire Island Beach, on 
the east side of Fire Island Inlet. 
The surfman at once burned a 
Coston Signal,; to signify that the 
stranded vessel was discovered, 
and assistance would soon be on 
the way. The surfman hastened 
back to his station to notify the 
Keeper and crew- 

The schooner struck on the 
outer bar, off the beach, and as 
the sea was very high; the Keeper 
ordered the beach apparatus cart 
brought to the scene of the wreck. 
As the life savers arrived they 
saw that the vessel had pounded 
in over the outer bar; caused by 



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the heavy seas; which brought 
her closer to the beach. 

The schooner's crew not able 
to lower the hoisted sails, cut the 
spars away near the deck. The 
spars and sails falling toward the 
surf side of the vessel, formed a 
breakwater which enabled the 
schooner's crew to launch a boat 
and row to the beach. 

The life savers procured a horse 
to haul the boat wagon, loaded 
with the surf-boat, to the beach 
close to the wreck. They unloaded 
the surf-boat and made ready for 
a launching through the surf. One 
surfman was sent with the horse 
to get a cart, to be used for cart- 
ing salvaged material. The surf- 
boat was launched and rowed to 
the schooner. On boarding they 
cleared the decks of everything of 
value, loading some into surf- 
boat, and taken to the beach. 
Again they rowed to the schooner, 
the Keeper donned a Merriman 
life-saving suit and went below 
deck to salvage the schooner's 
crew belongings and other mat- 
erial of value. Three trips were 
made to the beach with the surf- 



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boat, bringing back salvaged 
material- The small items were 
taken to the life saving station 
for safe keeping. A watch was 
set over the other material, to 
cumbersome to move; until the 
owner's arrival to take charge 
of the saved material. 

The pilot crew were housed and 
succored at the station for four 
days. The schooner was 46 tons; 
estimated value at $12,000. The 
amount estimated saved by the 
life saving crew $1,000. The 
schooner was a total loss. 

Lou Pearsall, 
Oceanside 



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Food for Thought